Dalibarda repens L. - False Violet


 

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Dalibarda repens - (image 1 of 3)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Rosaceae

Habitat

Swamps and moist woodlands.

Associates

Clintonia borealis, Coptis trifolia, Cornus canadensis, Epigaea repens, Gaultheria procumbens, Pteridium aquilinum, Vaccinium angustifolium.

Distribution

Quebec and Nova Scotia west to MI and MN, south to NJ and OH.

Morphology

Creeping perennial with slender stems. Leaves simple, cordate, sparsely hairy, to 5 cm; petioles downy. Flowers solitary, of two types; petaliferous flowers white and usually sterile, on long peduncles 5-10 cm long; apetalous flowers self-pollinating, on peduncles less than 5 cm and often recurved. Fruit a 1-seeded drupe, to 4 mm, that resembles an achene.

Notes

Flowers June to September

Wetland indicator: Facultative

This plant is known by several common names including dewdrop and robin-runaway. The leaves could be mistaken for that of violets when this plant is not in flower save for the hairiness of the petiole of the leaf. Like violets, this plant produced both petaliferous and apetalous flowers. This is the only species in the genus Dalibarda in North America. It is very closely related to plant in the genus Rubus.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.

The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2004