Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh. - Dutchman's Breeches


 

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Dicentra cucullara - (image 1 of 9)

 

Taxonomy

Family: Fumariaceae

Habitat

Rich, mesic woods.

Associates

Acer saccharum, Celtis occidentalis, Fraxinus americana, Prunus virginiana, Quercus rubra, Sambucus canadensis, Tilia americana, Ulmus rubra. Allium tricoccum, Cardamine douglassii, Caulophyllum thalictroides, Claytonia virginica, Dentaria laciniata, Erythronium albidum, Hydrophyllum virginianum, Osmorhiza claytonii, Sanguinaria canadensis, Solidago flexicaulis.

Distribution

Nova Scotia and eastern Quebec, west to northern MN, south to GA, AR, and KS; disjunct populations occur in WA, OR, and ID.

Morphology

Low, mounding perennial, from short rhizomes covered by small, white or pink, tear-shaped bulblets. Leaves all basal, finely divided. Flowers in an arching scape, irregular; corolla with divaricately spreading spurs, the spurs longer than broad (more "pointy" than those of D. canadensis). 

Notes

Flowers late March to mid May

Wetland indicator: Upland

Can't say I have ever seen a Dutchman's breeches but apparently these flowers look like them.

References

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY

 

Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.

 


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 Michael Hough 2004