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Terrestrial in damp woods and on stream banks, often among rocks. Occasionally epipetric (growing on rock) at the base of cliffs and on talus slopes. Swink & Wilhelm describe it as a species of beech-maple or maple-basswood forests.
Some of these plants were growing with Adiantum pedatum, Diplazium pycnocarpon, and Stylophorum diphyllum.
New Brunswick west to southern Ontario and MN, south to SC, northern GA, TN, and IA.
Medium to large fern growing from a stout, erect rhizome. Leaves golden-green in color, to 1.2 m long and 35 cm wide, evergreen, twice divided. Stipes reddish brown with narrow, pale brown margins, quite scaly. Sori (fruits dots) very small.
Spores produced late August to mid October
Wetland indicator: Facultative
I found this group of plants growing at the edge of somewhat mucky soil at the base of a ridge. It seemed to favor the edge of the depression, whereas Diplazium pycnocarpon was more common in the wetter portions of the site.
Lellinger, D. B. and M. Evans. 1985. A Field Manual of the Ferns & Fern Allies
of the United States and Canada.
Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, D.C.
Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
USDA, NRCS. 2002.
The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
Michael Hough © 2004