Elymus canadensis L. - Canada Wild Rye


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Elymus canadensis - (image 1 of 3)



Family: Poaceae


Oak woods, prairies, sandy habitats; steambanks and moist to dry fields and meadows


In dry prairies it occurs with Adropogon gerardii, Phlox pilosa fuldiga, Silphium terebinthinaceum, Solidago rigida, Sorghastrum nutans.


New Brunswick and Quebec west to AK, south to NC, TX and CA.


Perennial, cool-season bunchgrass, to 1.5 m high. Glumes more than 2.5mm wide. Lemmas with long, undulate-divergent awns and larger paleas more than 9mm long. Spike often flexuous-nodding with age.


Flowers late June to early September

Wetland indicator: Facultative -

Sometimes called nodding wild rye. Can be used to provide early fuel to burn in prairie restorations.


Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY


Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.




 Michael Hough 2004