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Moist, acid coniferous forests and exposed grassy or rocky sites. Often at high elevation.
New England to NC, TN in mountains, west through MI, northern WI and MN to AK and some western states. Most of Canada. Circumboreal.
Perennial from horizontal, sparsely leafy stems. Upright shoots mostly unbranched, in clusters. Leaves spreading to reflexed, linear, upper half serrate; apex spinulose without hair tip. Strobili sessile, solitary, terminal, to 3 cm long.
Strobili present mid-summer into fall.
Wetland indicator: Facultative
Similar to L. clavatum but much less branched.
Gleason, Henry A.
and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States
and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY.
USDA, NRCS. 2002. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov).
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
Michael Hough © 2009