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Sun to shade on well-drained soils.
ME west to IL, south to FL and TX. Introduced elsewhere.
Deciduous shrub to 5 m. Bark gray-brown or reddish. Leaves lance-ovate to rotund, 4-10 cm, acute or short-acuminate to broadly rounded, sharply toothed; petioles 8-25 mm, glabrous or stellate, usually lacking stipules. Inflorescence a mostly 5-7-rayed cyme on a peduncle 3-6 cm long; flowers white. Fruit blue-black, subglobose to ovoid, 5-10 mm.
Flowers May to early June
Wetland indicator: Upland
Called arrow-wood because the young shoots are often very straight and were used by Native Americans for making arrows.
Dirr, Michael A. 1998. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants:
Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture, Propagation and Uses.
5th ed. Champaign, Illinois: Stipes Publishing L.L.C.
Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of
Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Second Ed.
The New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY
Swink, F. and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region.
Indiana Academy of Science. The Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Illinois.
Michael Hough © 2005